Academic Honesty Policy

Academic Honesty Policy

Northumberland Regional High School

Local Policies

Students enrolled in the IB Diploma Program or individual IB courses are subject to the same standards of behaviour and academic honesty as all students enrolled in schools in the Chignecto Central Regional School Board.  Northumberland Regional High School’s Plagiarism and Academic Honesty Policy (Appendix A) can be found on the school’s website as well as in the student handbook distributed to each student at the beginning of the school year.  The following policy was created to provide a cohesive understanding of academic honesty for diploma and course candidates at Northumberland Regional High School.

Background and Philosophy

The IB Learner Profile forms the foundation of Northumberland Regional High School’s Academic Honesty Policy. In keeping with the IB Learner Profile, Northumberland Regional faculty acknowledges the importance of encouraging our candidates to be:

  • Inquirers: candidates will be encouraged to acquire the skills necessary to conduct inquiry and research with an awareness of the importance of source documentation
  • Knowledge: candidates will be encouraged to acquire an in-depth knowledge of best practices in relation to documentation (including references, citation and bibliography)
  • Thinkers: candidates will be encouraged to exercise initiative in applying critical thinking skills to make reasoned, ethical decisions
  • Principled: candidates will be encouraged to act with honesty and integrity and take responsibility for their own actions 

Candidates are encouraged to demonstrate these attributes to maintain best practices in relation to class work, internal and external assessments (including those related to the Diploma core) and examinations.  Northumberland Regional High School provides candidates with opportunities to develop their knowledge and skills in relation to documentation and communicates the academic honesty policy with candidates and their families.

Definitions

  • Academic Honesty: a set of values and skills that promote personal integrity and good practices in teaching, learning and assessment
  • Authentic Authorship: work based on the candidate’s individual and original ideas with the ideas and work of others fully acknowledged
  • Intellectual Property: creations of the mind for which exclusive rights are recognized in law in industrial, scientific, literary and artistic fields
  • Malpractice: behaviours or actions that include but are not limited to: plagiarism, collusion, duplication of work and cheating. Northumberland Regional High School acknowledges malpractice to include all of the practices listed in Section 2 of the IBO Academic Honesty Policy (2011)
  • Academic Negligence: carelessness when recording sources or displaying a cavalier disregard for the origin of material within a candidate’s work
  • Academic Infringement: some attempt by a candidate to acknowledge the source of information but acknowledgement may contravene standard academic practice
  • Plagiarism: the representation of the ideas or work of another person as a candidate’s own
  • Collusion: supporting malpractice by another candidate including allowing one’s work to be copied or submitted for assessment by another
  • Duplication of work: the presentation of the same work for different assessment components and/or diploma requirements
  • Cheating: a behaviour that gains an unfair advantage for a candidate or affects the results of another candidate, including but not limited to:
    1. taking unauthorized material into an examination room
    2. misconduct during an examination
    3. falsifying a CAS record

Collaboration versus Collusion

Northumberland Regional High School recognizes that collaborative learning encourages candidates to participate as responsible members of an intellectual community; however, it is essential that teachers and candidates are aware of the distinction between collaboration and collusion. On internal assessments where the guidelines allow for collaboration, candidates need to work together to complete tasks such as data collection for the Geography internal assessment; however, all students must produce independent work for assessment. Work must be written in the candidate’s own words and cannot be identical in whole or in part to the work of another candidate. Teachers will refer to Section 2.5 of the IBO Academic Honesty Policy (2011) when reviewing this distinction with candidates. 

Declaration of Academic Honesty

According to the IB Academic Honesty Policy, “the candidate is ultimately responsible for ensuring that all work submitted for assessment is authentic, with the work or ideas of others fully and correctly acknowledged” (2011).

Upon entry to Northumberland Regional’s IB Programme, diploma and course candidates and their parents/guardians are required to sign a Declaration of Academic Honesty stating that all work submitted for assessment will be their own authentic work. (See Appendix B)

 

 Responsibilities of the School

 All candidates and their parents/guardians receive a copy of Northumberland Regional’s Academic Honesty policy. In order to facilitate candidates’ growth as principled inquirers, Northumberland Regional High School faculty provides all candidates with instruction in:

·        what constitutes ethical practice in the IB Diploma Programme

·        the research process

·        authentic authorship

·        best practices for ensuring assessments meet standards of academic honesty

·        the rules for acknowledging source material based on standard practice and provide examples and conventions for citing and acknowledging original authorship

·        data-gathering techniques

·        rules and regulations regarding malpractice and related consequences

Northumberland Regional High School encourages candidates to employ accepted methods of research, data gathering, citation and documentation (APA, MLA, etc.) in order to ensure that candidates maintain a high level of academic honesty in all forms of assessment. In the case where malpractice is suspected, the teacher informs the candidate and the IB Coordinator and takes appropriate steps to resolve the issue including: looking through previous course work or drafts, reviewing the candidate’s source material, using an online database, and interviewing the candidate.

Teachers ensure that the principles and practices of academic honesty are reviewed at the commencement of every major assessment event. Teachers only sign declarations on cover sheets of work if the assessment reflects a high level of academic honesty.

Responsibilities of the Candidate

While enrolled in the Diploma Programme at Northumberland Regional High School, candidates are responsible for:

  • reading Northumberland Regional High School’s Academic Honesty policy and familiarizing themselves with the principles and practices of academic honesty
  • exercising academic honesty in all aspects of their work and acting as principled learners
  • conducting laboratory and field experiments, including CAS activities, in an ethical way
  • documenting source material in a formal and appropriate way
  • using direct quotations appropriately
  • paraphrasing and acknowledging the ideas of others appropriately
  • understanding malpractice and the related consequences
  • following all examination rules

Resources

The IB Coordinator provides IB faculty with appropriate professional development with regard to principles and practices of academic honesty as defined by the IB programme as well as access to software to check for plagiarism.

Teachers provide subject or assessment-specific instruction in all areas related to academic honesty including: research methods, citation styles, documentation, proper data collection techniques, and ethical practices. 

Academic style guides are made available to candidates. Candidates have access to online style guides and writing laboratories.

Candidates and their parents/guardians are provided with copies of Northumberland Regional High School’s Academic Honesty Policy.

Conventions for Citing and Acknowledging Original Authorship

Northumberland Regional High School recognizes MLA and APA citation styles for IB coursework. Candidates receive direction from subject area teachers as to which style to use and the conventions of each.

Incidents of Malpractice

Northumberland Regional High School divides incidents of malpractice into two categories of severity. These categories are defined by the nature of the assignment. Assessments that are given by the school and are ultimately designed to be formative will be defined as minor misconduct. All violations related to official IB assessments - including internal, external, those related to the Diploma core and examinations - will be treated as major misconduct. If there is clear evidence of plagiarism with no acknowledgement of the source(s), then the candidate will be found guilty of malpractice without regard for any alleged lack of intent to plagiarise (IBO Academic Honesty Policy, 2011).

Minor Misconduct

Incidents of suspected malpractice are dealt with by the teacher and are reported to the IB Coordinator and the student’s parent/guardian. Candidates caught cheating or plagiarizing will receive a mark of 0% on the assignment or internal exam in keeping with Northumberland Regional High School’s Plagiarism and Academic Honesty Policy (Appendix A). In the case where a candidate has committed academic infringement as part of a formative assessment, faculty follows the guidelines outlined in Section 11.5 of the IBO Academic Honesty Policy (2011).

Habitual instances of minor misconduct may be interpreted as major misconduct and dealt with accordingly by the school. In the case of a candidate’s second instance of minor misconduct, the candidate and his or her parent/guardian are required to meet with the teacher, IB Coordinator, and a school administrator to review the relevant academic honesty policies.

Major Misconduct

Northumberland Regional High School defines instances of major misconduct in three ways. 

1.      Habitual instances of minor misconduct are addressed in the following ways:

  • the candidate attends a meeting with the teacher, IB Coordinator, school administrator and the candidate’s parent/guardian to review the relevant academic honesty policies.
  • the candidate and his or her parent/guardian are required to sign a declaration that going forward, the highest standard of academic honesty must be maintained in order to remain a diploma or course candidate at Northumberland Regional  High School.
  • the school reserves the right to refrain from considering the candidate for any awards, bursaries or scholarships in which citizenship, ethical behaviour or academic honesty are a consideration.
  • the school reserves the right to remove the candidate’s name from the Honour Roll or Principal’s List.
  • with regard to the assignments in question, the consequences as outlined in the minor misconduct section are applied.

2.      Suspected malpractice on an IB assessment prior to the declaration on cover sheets being signed is addressed in the following ways:

  • the IB Coordinator informs the school principal that a candidate is suspected of malpractice
  • the IB Coordinator conducts an investigation including an interview with the candidate with a support person in attendance 

If the result of the investigation indicates an incident of malpractice, the incident is addressed in the following ways:

  • the candidate attends a meeting with the teacher, IB Coordinator, school administrator, and the candidate’s parent/guardian to review the relevant academic honesty policies.
  • the candidate and his or her parent/guardian are required to sign a declaration that going forward, the highest standard of academic honesty must be maintained in order to remain a diploma or course candidate at  Northumberland Regional High School.
  • the candidate receives a mark of 0% for the assignment toward his or her anticipated grade in the subject area.
  • the candidate is required to submit a new assessment based on entirely new research/course work in order to meet the minimum requirements of the course as set by IBO.
  • the candidate’s other assessments are reviewed for any other instances of suspected malpractice.
  • the school reserves the right to refrain from considering the candidate for any awards, bursaries or scholarships in which citizenship, ethical behaviour or academic honesty are a consideration.
  • the school reserved the right to remove the candidate’s name from the Honour Roll or Principal’s List.

3.      Malpractice on an IB assessment once the declaration on the cover sheet has been signed is addressed in the following ways:

  • the IB Coordinator reports the incident to the IB Information Desk for investigation within 10 days.
  • the IB Coordinator informs the school principal that a candidate is suspected of malpractice
  • the IB Coordinator conducts an investigation, including an interview with the candidate with a support person in attendance
  • the IB Coordinator completes a report which includes: a statement from the teacher for the subject area concerned or the Extended Essay supervisor, a statement from the coordinator, a statement from the candidate, a summary of an interview with the candidate regarding the alleged malpractice
  • the candidate is subject to a penalty that will be determined by IB upon receipt of all relevant materials. If a candidate is found guilty of malpractice:
    1. no grade will be awarded in the subject concerned
    2. in the case of a DP candidate, no diploma will be awarded to the candidate

In the following circumstances, diploma or course candidates will be removed from all aspects of the IB Diploma program at Northumberland Regional High School without exception:

  • theft of the official IB examinations from the school
  • altering grades on a computer database or transcript
  • more than one incident of major malpractice

A review of this policy is conducted at the end of each academic year with input from IB teachers, the school coordinator and administration.  Revisions are provided to students at the start of each school year.

 

In the creation of this document, the authors acknowledge the following sources:

  • Northumberland Regional High School Student Handbook
  • IBO Academic Honesty Policy 2011
  • Carson Graham School’s Academic Honesty Policy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Appendix A

PLAGIARISM AND ACADEMIC HONESTY

Northumberland Regional High School

 

Plagiarism occurs when you take an idea, expression, plot or information from another source and use it as your own. This is cheating and when this occurs your teacher will assign a mark of

zero and further disciplinary action may be taken. Cheating via the use of computers will result in a student’s losing his/her access to the school’s computers and a zero assigned for the copied work. Copying assignments from another student could result in both students losing value.

Students are reminded that cheating on exams will also result in receiving a zero. Cell phones are not permitted in a student’s possession in any exam room.

(published in the NRHS Student Handbook)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Appendix B

Northumberland Regional High School

International Baccalaureate Programme

Academic Honesty Policy

What is academic honesty?

Academic honesty must be seen as a set of values and skills that promote personal integrity and good practice in learning. It is influenced and shaped by a variety of factors including peer pressure, culture, parental expectations, role modelling and taught skills. Diploma Programme candidates submit work for assessment in a variety of media that may include audio/visual material, text, graphs, images and/or data published in print or electronic sources. If a candidate uses the work or ideas of another person, the candidate must acknowledge the source using a standard style of referencing in a consistent manner.  A candidate’s failure to acknowledge a source will be investigated by the IB as a potential breach of IB regulations that may result in a penalty imposed by the final award committee.  A candidate's work submitted for assessment, including work for internal assessment, must be the authentic work of that candidate. Failure to comply with this requirement may result in no grade being awarded for the subject concerned.  

Candidates are expected to use a standard style and use it consistently so that credit is given to all sources used, including sources that have been paraphrased or summarized. When writing text a candidate must clearly distinguish between their words and those of others by the use of quotation marks (or other method like indentation) followed by an appropriate citation that denotes an entry in the bibliography. If an electronic source is cited, the date of access must be indicated. Candidates are not expected to show expertise in referencing, but are expected to demonstrate that all sources have been acknowledged. Candidates must also attribute the source of audio/visual material, text, graphs, images and/or data published in print or in electronic sources that is not their own. Again, an appropriate style of referencing/citation must be used.

 

What is malpractice?

The Regulations define malpractice as behaviour that results in, or may result in, the candidate or any other candidate gaining an unfair advantage in one or more assessment component. Malpractice includes:

•               plagiarism: this is defined as the representation of the ideas or work of another person as the candidate’s own

•               collusion: this is defined as supporting malpractice by another candidate, as in allowing one’s work to be copied             or submitted for assessment by another

•               duplication of work: this is defined as the presentation of the same work for different assessment components                  and/or diploma requirements

·          any other behaviour that gains an unfair advantage for a candidate or that affects the results of another candidate (for example, taking unauthorized material into an examination room, misconduct during an examination, falsifying    a CAS record)

What are the consequences of malpractice?

 

 If the final award committee decides that a case of malpractice has been established, no grade will be awarded in the subject concerned. (No lesser penalty for malpractice is available to the final award committee.)  In the case of a Diploma Programme candidate the consequence is that no diploma will be awarded to the candidate.  However, a Diploma Programme courses results will be awarded for other subjects in which no malpractice has occurred.

If a candidate is found guilty of malpractice in the production of one (or more) of several assignments

required for a component, the candidate is not eligible for a mark based on his or her performance in the

remaining assignments for the component; no grade will be awarded for the subject. For example, the

internal assessment requirement for a subject may require a portfolio of four separate assignments. If a

candidate is found to have plagiarized all or part of one assignment, a mark for his or her internal assessment

will not be based on the remaining three assignments: no grade will be awarded for the subject.

 

Scenarios of malpractice cases:

 

The following scenarios are intended as examples of malpractice encountered during an examination session. Each scenario is followed by the principle that applies to a case of its kind and the penalty that is normally applied. Depending on the circumstances of a case, at its discretion, the final award committee may apply a lesser penalty than is indicated for any of  these or other scenarios.

 

1.  Plagiarism

 

Scenario 1—There is clear evidence in the form of source material to support a decision that the candidate has plagiarized text without any attempt to acknowledge the source(s). This includes the use of unacknowledged text in oral examinations and the use of other media, such as graphs, illustrations and data.

Principle—If there is clear evidence of plagiarism with no acknowledgment of the source(s), the

candidate will be found guilty of malpractice without regard for any alleged lack of intent to plagiarize.

A statement from the candidate, teacher or coordinator stating that the copying was the result of an

oversight or mistake by the candidate will not be considered as a mitigating factor.

Penalty—No grade will be awarded in the subject concerned.

 

Scenario 2—There is clear evidence in the form of source material that text (or other media) has been

plagiarized without correct citation (for example, placing text within quotation marks, or indenting the text). However, the amount of plagiarism is minimal and the bibliography includes the source or at least an attempt to show the correct source.

Principle—If the amount of text (or other media) copied is minimal in the judgment of the final award committee and there is an attempt to acknowledge the source(s), the candidate may be found guilty of an academic infringement. However, a substantial amount of copying will result in a finding of malpractice; a decision that would be reinforced if some copied text has no form of acknowledgment.

Penalty—If a candidate is found guilty of an academic infringement, zero marks will be awarded for

the assessment component concerned. The candidate will still be eligible for a grade in the subject.

 

2. Collusion:

 

Scenario—A candidate allows another candidate to copy all or part of his/her work. The candidate

who copies the work then submits that work as his/her own.

Principle—A candidate who allows his/her work to be copied constitutes behaviour that results in, or

may result in, another candidate gaining an unfair advantage, which constitutes malpractice.

Penalty—Both candidates will be found guilty of malpractice and no grade awarded for the subject

concerned.

 

3. Miscellaneous

 

Scenario—A candidate falsifies his/her record for creativity, action, service (CAS).

Principle—Malpractice includes any behaviour that gains an unfair advantage for a candidate or that

affects the results of another candidate. This includes all requirements for the diploma.

Penalty—The candidate will need to complete the CAS requirements within 12 months to be eligible

for the diploma, but the diploma will not be issued until one year after the candidate’s diploma

session.

 

For further information and scenarios, candidates and their guardians may consult the document

General Regulations: Diploma Programme found on the IBO’s public website.

 

 

Signing this document signifies that you have read and understood the Academic Honesty Policy and the consequences of its infringement.

 

_______________________________________                     _______________________________________

                         (student)                                                                                                       (guardian)

Date:_______________________________